Homemade sushi: How to do it well?

Homemade sushi

How to make homemade sushi


At Arctic Gardens, we love vegetables, so we’ve put together a folder for you to make vegetarian sushi at home!

Internationally known, sushi is a must in Japanese cuisine. Initially Chinese, sushi gradually appeared in Japan. In the past, pieces of fish were kept between several layers of rice which allowed the fish to ferment and then be eaten. Rice was not eaten.

This fermentation wasn’t fast enough for the Japanese, so they added rice vinegar.

Gradually, the Japanese started enjoying fermented fish combined with rice. And that’s how sushi came to be.


Today, there are several types of sushi and several ways to make it at home. Find out how to make homemade sushi below.


Ingredients required to make sushi

You only need 5 ingredients to make sushi. We’ve expanded the list a little to satisfy all tastes and make it easier to make sushi at home.

Sushi essentials

How to make sushi rice

You’ll need:

1 ½ c rice

2 c water

⅓ c seasoned rice vinegar

Sugar and salt


  • In a medium saucepan, boil the 2 cups of water with 1 ½ cups of rice 
  • When water starts to boil, reduce the heat and cover
  • Simmer the rice for 20 minutes, stirring with a wooden spoon every 5 minutes
  • Remove the rice from the heat after 20 minutes
  • Let the rice stand, covered, off the heat for 10 minutes
  • Pour ⅓ cup of rice vinegar over the rice, stir with a fork
  • Add sugar and salt, to taste
  • Make a hole in the middle of the rice so that it cools more quickly and cover it with a paper towel while you assemble the sushi


What to put in vegetarian sushi

Eating sushi is good, making it yourself is even better. You can let your imagination run wild and indulge yourself with the ingredients you love.Vegan sushi ideas

Other kinds of sushi

Before you learn how to assemble your sushi, be aware that anything that contains sushi rice and/or seaweed is called “sushi”.

However, there is a more precise lexicon, as “sushi” means “vinegar rice”.


These are the  proper names for each kind:

  • Maki: traditional rolls wrapped in seaweed
  • Nigiri: balls of rice topped with a piece of fish
  • Temaki: cones with rice and 2 ingredient, such as fish and avocado, for example
  • Sashimi: slices of raw fish
  • Uramaki: upside down rolls with the seaweed inside and the rice outside, more commonly called California rolls

Assembling your sushi

After chopping what you want to put in your sushi (ex., veggies, protein), you’ll need the cooled rice you prepared earlier, the nori sheets, bamboo mat and plastic wrap.

To make sushi with the nori on the outside (maki):

  • Place the nori on the smooth side of the bamboo mat
  • Take some rice and spread it in a thin layer onto ¾ of the nori sheet
  • Put your ingredients in the middle of this bed of rice
  • Roll the bamboo mat to make the desired shape
  • Tighten the roll as much as possible, then finish rolling the sushi
  • Let it rest for 1 minute, then cut the roll the width you want with a moistened, sharp knife

Watch a YouTube video


To make sushi with the nori on the inside (Uramaki or Californian Rolls):

  • Place the nori on the smooth side of the bamboo mat
  • Spread some rice in a thin layer completely covering the nori
  • Cut a piece of plastic wrap the size of your nori sheet, moisten and place it directly onto the rice
  • Gently turn the bamboo mat over, keeping one hand on the plastic wrap to keep the rice preparation in place
  • Place the rice preparation with the plastic wrap on the back of the bamboo mat so that the nori is facing you
  • Put the ingredients you want
  • Roll up the bamboo mat to create the desired shape, being careful to tuck the plastic wrap as you do so until you’ve rolled the rice once completely
  • Sprinkle the roll with sesame seeds if you want
  • Cut the roll the width you want with a moistened, sharp knife

Watch a YouTube video


Veggie and vegan sushi recipes at home

Easy sushi recipes

Cucumber hosomaki roll recipe – VEGAN

Sushi with sweet ginger tofu VEGAN

Mediterranean veggie sushi – VEGAN

Veggie quinoa sushi – VEGAN

Sweet sushi recipes

Dessert sushi recipe – VEGAN

Chocolate, coconut and fruits sushi – VEGAN

Maki chocolate roll – VEGAN


What to serve with sushi?

Sushi sauces


Did you know that wasabi was originally a root? It’s also known as Japanese mustard.

Wasabi is used to season sushi and sashimi, noodles and sauces.

To enjoy it, place a small amount directly on the sushi or sashimi.

Soy sauce

Used for food preservation because of its salt composition, soy sauce first appeared in China, then Japan adapted it for cooking. Japanese soy sauce is made with a mixture of soy and wheat.

Mayonnaise (ex., spicy, sesame, wasabi, vegan)

Often used in North America to accompany sushi, mayonnaise is available for all tastes.







What to serve with sushi

Wakame seaweed salad

Seaweed is an ancestral ingredient in Japanese cuisine and has many nutritional benefits. It stimulates the body and promotes the immune system in addition to having benefits for the eyes and skin.

Here’s the recipe to make a salad with your homemade sushi:

Seaweed salad recipe

Miso soup

Miso soup is often served as a starter and is a must in Japanese cuisine. In fact, did you know that it’s considered a drink and that it goes with every meal?

It’s a soup made of dashi (a kind of Japanese broth), seaweed and tofu. However, you can also find it with shrimp, mushrooms and chives, for example.

Discover a recipe for miso soup:

Miso soup recipe


A legume rich in vegetable protein, edamame (pronounced eh-duh-maa-mei) is an ungerminated soybean. It’s often enjoyed as an appetizer, in a salad or added to vegetable soup. These legumes can even be grown in Quebec!

Discover a recipe to accompany your edamame sushi:  

Ginger and Soya Edamame


You’re now a sushi pro! But before preparing this Japanese dish, tell us what are your best ingredients to put in your favourite sushi?


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