People often suggest eating fish once a week, so why not add a meatless dish to your routine? This is why we suggest a new product that’s slowly making its way into the foray – tempeh! If you’d like to change your diet, discover new products or save money on groceries, you’ll get a lot from this plant protein that has many nutritional properties and cooking qualities.
Tempeh is a soya bean-based plant protein. Unlike tofu which is made from soya milk, tempeh is made with the whole fermented soya bean. Soya beans are crushed and cooked with a certain type of mushroom, then follow the fermentation process.
The fermentation process lasts 24 to 36 hours at a controlled temperature during which time the mushroom expands and transforms the mixture into a dense cake. The mould looks like long white strands and is found in some cheeses like Brie.
Tempeh is light brown and the whole soya beans can be seen clearly. This is what makes it firm and crunchy like a block of firm tofu. As such, it can be eaten alone or replace meat beautifully in chili, stews and chowders.
It tastes a little stronger than tofu and other plant protein. Actually, it’s reminiscent of nuts, mushrooms, yeast and in some cases, even meat. Tempeh also contains the famous fifth sense discovered by the Japanese – umami – that gives dishes more flavour.
Today, there are many kinds of tempeh that use various fermentation techniques or food other than soya beans. In fact, there are many kinds of tempeh on the world market. Some are made using a another kind of bean or grain. Some tempeh is made from peanut or coconut residue, others from soya pulp.
You can also find smoked or flavoured tempeh for dishes like skewers and stir-fries or for hamburgers, tacos or chili.
The origin of tempeh: where does it comes from?
Tempeh is a product originally from Java Island in Indonesia. It came about accidentally when Chinese immigrants in the 17th century were making tofu. When soya residue was being stored in some wetlands, it captured spores and mushrooms grew on the beans. The poor who had started eating it discovered it was edible. So this is how the dish came to be associated with the working class. It’s now spread across Indonesia and is an excellent alternative to meat. It’s the protein of choice in Indonesian cuisine.
Nevertheless, tempeh wasn’t introduced into Western cooking literature until the 19th century when Dutch scientists published articles on their travels to Indonesia that at the time was a part of the Dutch East Indies. That’s how tempeh was introduced to Europe and since then, it has slowly started appearing in grocery stores in North America.
Tempeh’s fermentation process and use of the whole soya bean makes it high in vitamins, proteins and minerals. In fact, compared to tofu, tempeh contains more protein, potassium, copper, phosphorus and magnesium which make it an excellent antioxidant. It contains 3 g of fibre per 100 g and has more good fat and vitamins than tofu. It’s because of its nutritional value that tempeh is used worldwide in vegetarian cuisine.
|For 100 grams of tempeh||For 100 grams of tofu|
Source: Health Canada, Canadian Nutrient File
In addition, tempeh’s fermentation makes soya bean proteins much more digestible. The mushroom culture helps reduce ailments associated with the bowels and the stomach considerably. As well, this fermentation process produces natural antibiotic agents.
Cooking tricks: How to cook tempeh?
It’s easy to cook with tempeh because you can do anything with it. The benefit is that it stays crunchy even after it’s cooked. It’s versatile and can be adapted as a meat substitute in different kinds of dishes.
Tempeh can be eaten raw, but you have to be careful. It’s strongly recommended to always keep it refrigerated so it’ll stay as fresh as possible and also to consume in moderation.
Some people aren’t crazy about tempeh’s naturally strong taste which is reminiscent of mushrooms. If you’re worried this the first time you try it, try boiling it a little which will help mitigate the taste created by the mycelium. Simply place sliced tempeh in a baking dish and cover with water or vegetable stock. Bring to a boil, simmer for about 10 minutes and remove from the dish. Continue cooking tempeh as desired.
Although tempeh has a natural flavour, it absorbs marinades very well just like its cousin tofu. But it absorbs more quickly than tofu, so you don’t have to plan too much in advance if you want to give it different flavours. Here are a few examples of ingredients that make good marinades:
-Nut butter (peanut or sesame)
-Spices (curry, cumin, garam masala, paprika, etc.)
-Citrus juice (lemon, lime, orange)
Add a few of these ingredients to your marinade to increase the taste of your tempeh considerably.
Want to vary your Asian stir-fries? Replace meat, seafood or tofu with tempeh. Steam beforehand and continue cooking in a frying pan or wok by stir-frying veggies and your favourite noodles or rice. You’ll love the nutty taste!
Like other plant proteins, tempeh is excellent grilled. Cut into 1″ slices or cubes and add to your skewers or grilled platters. The tempeh will remain tender on the inside and crunchy on the outside. It also won’t stick to the grill or pan, so you don’t need much oil for cooking. As well, grill or fry tempeh just until the edges become crispy and you’ll improve the natural nutty taste!
Baked tempeh can be seasoned or marinated, but if you decide to use dried spices, it’s recommended to boil it beforehand so it stays tender. If you marinate it, cook the tempeh in the marinade itself. It will absorb all of the marinade’s flavours after cooking.
Like tofu, tempeh takes on the flavour of the dish it’s cooked in. A bourguignon without the beef? Replace the meat with cubed tempeh in this typical French dish. Just crumble a bit for a spaghetti sauce and voilà! You’ve got yourself a veggie spaghetti! Finally, grate some tempeh into Mexican dishes like tacos or chili for a healthy meal that’s rich in protein.
Tempeh goes in everything and can easily replace animal protein in meat-based recipes. There are hundreds of easy tempeh recipe books and on various websites, and you don’t have to be a good cook to use it. Here are a few recipes you can try at home:
Where can you buy tempeh ?
Increasingly, you can often find tempeh on grocery store shelves more or less anywhere in Canada, particularly in natural food stores like April, Community Natural Foods, Planet Organic Market and Rachelle-Béry.
You can also find it in the aisles of some of the big grocery chains like IGA, Sobey’s and Superstore. Tempeh is generally found in the organic or vegetarian section.
Canada can also count on the big tempeh producers in many provinces like Noble Bean located in Montreal, Henry’s Tempeh in Kitchener, Ontario, and Green Cuisine in Victoria, BC.
Are you curious about tempeh? Or maybe you already know and love it. Share your recipe ideas and how you incorporate tempeh into your diet!