Brussels sprouts: how to cook them

Brussels sprouts - Arctic Gardens

What if we all agreed on Brussels sprouts for once? It’s easy to enjoy the slight bitterness of this tiny cabbage. They retain as much nutritional benefits as they have leaves. So here’s the story on Brussel sprouts, their virtues and mostly, our favourite recipes that kids and grown-ups alike will finally enjoy.

Click here to go directly to our favourite recipes

The origin of Brussels sprouts

The history of the Brussels sprout starts in the 17th century. At that time, the population in Brussels, Belgium, was growing strong. Veggie farmers in the region were trying to figure out how to feed everyone. So naturally, they turned to planting a new variety of wild cabbage that had the advantage of growing tall. This new profitable and nutritious crop was completely adopted by Saint-Gilles, a commune in Brussels. That’s where Brussels sprouts come from.

Did you know?

To pass on the history of Brussels sprouts, the inhabitants of Saint-Gilles created Kuulkappers Order, a brotherhood of cabbage cutters.

Brussels sprouts season in Canada

Brussels sprouts are a cruciferous veggie, a plant whose flower has 4 petals that make a cross. It belongs to the same family as broccoli, cauliflower and spinach. A bi-annual veggie resistant to the cold, Brussels sprouts are planted in March and April (sheltered), bud a few months later, and are harvested from the end of August to the end of December.

In Canada, Brussels sprouts are grown mainly in British Columbia, then Ontario and lastly, in Quebec.

Culture Chou de Bruxelles - Canada

Nutritional value of Brussels sprouts

Made up of 90% water, so low calorie (about 43 kcal for 100 g), Brussels sprouts are suitable for all diets.

Brussel sprout nutritional values

Brussels sprouts have a lot of nutritional benefits.

Here are the 5 main benefits :

1 — Fibre : They slow digestion and strengthen the intestinal barrier. This lowers the rate of fat and carbohydrate absorption, therefore, reduces the feeling of hunger.  

2 — Vitamin C: This well-known anti-oxidant prevents cardiovascular disease. In fact, the large amount of vitamin C in Brussels sprouts helps keep arteries healthy. It also helps absorb iron better and strengthens the immune system.

3 — Potassium: Potassium is essential for the normal functioning of the nervous system and ensures good kidney activity. It also plays a role in muscle contraction, as well as in maintaining good blood pressure.

4 — Vitamin B6: This vitamin ensures a balanced immune system. It allows the normal renewal of red blood cells. It also maintains hormonal activity

5 — Vitamin B9 or folates : Folic acid helps red blood cells develop, promotes cell growth and decreases hypertension. It’s also very good for pregnant women. According to Health Canada, this molecule reduces the risk of brain and spinal cord malformations in the fetus.


Other foods also have healing properties, such as chickpeas and broccoli. Here’s a list of their health benefits and how to incorporate them into your daily diet.

Preparing and cooking Brussels sprouts

Everything starts with choosing these tiny cabbages. Firm, compact, shiny, green and no yellowing leaves, this is THE perfect Brussels sprout.

Ideally, choose ones still on the stalk, they’ll keep longer. If you can, take them off the stalk and cut a few millimetres off the core.

Tip for digestion

Blanch Brussels sprouts in boiling, salted water for 5 minutes before cooking. This makes them easier to digest.

You can also freeze them after blanching. This will preserve their flavour and health benefits.


Frozen Brussels sprouts are already blanched making them a quick and healthy solution before roasting or mashing. Arctic Gardens offers a big 1.75 kg format so the whole family can enjoy them.

Roasted / Mashed / Pan-fried


Roasted Brussels sprouts

  • Preheat the oven to 425 °F.
  • Halve the Brussels sprouts.
  • Toss with a drizzle of olive oil and salt.
  • Put them face down on a metal baking sheet.
  • Bake for 10 to 15 minutes.
  • Turn and continue to bake for 10 minutes.
  • Season to taste.


Pan-fried Brussels sprouts

  • Halve the Brussels sprouts.
  • Toss with a drizzle of olive oil and salt.
  • Heat a large pan to medium, sauté the Brussels sprouts, then when they start to brown (about 5 minutes), enjoy.


Mashed Brussels sprouts

  • Boil Brussels sprouts in salted water for 15 minutes.
  • Drain and season.
  • Mash, then serve as a side.

Zero-waste tip : 

When you cut Brussels sprouts, some of the leaves will fall off by themselves. Take the leaves, toss with olive oil and your favourite spices, then bake at 425 °F for a few minutes.

Result: delicious homemade chips without any waste!


The best Brussels sprout combos

Le chou de Bruxelles est un légume qui se marie parfaitement avec d’autres légumes et aliments, dont les suivants :

  • Brussels sprouts are a veggie that goes perfectly with other food and veggies like:
  • Potatoes, carrots, mushrooms
  • Onions and garlic
  • Squash
  • Nuts (almonds, cashews, pine nuts, hazelnuts)
  • Apples, pears, apricots
  • Pasta, rice, polenta
  • Cream
  • Meat and white fish

Our favourite recipes


Recipes Medley - Brussels Sprouts

The Recipe Critic / Once Upon a Chef / The Kitchn

Roasted Brussels Sprouts with Lemon and Garlic

Creamy Parmesan Garlic Brussels Sprouts recipe

Roasted Brussels Sprouts with Balsamic Vinegar and Honey


Dishes that put Brussels sprouts first

Brussels sprouts - Recipes medley

Trois Fois par Jour / Dels Cooking Twist / Naturally Ella

Brussels sprout pizza with goat cheese

Maple Balsamic Brussels Sprouts with Feta, Pomegranate and Pecans

Orzo, Roasted Brussels Sprouts & Bacon salad with Almond Butter Vinaigrette

Roasted Brussels Sprouts With Pears & Pistachios


Recipes perfect for kids (tested and approved)

Recipes medley kids - Brussels sprouts

Super Healthy Kids / The Fitchen / Once Upon a Chef

Kid-Friendly Brussels Sprouts Recipe

Brussels Sprout Fritters

Brussels Sprouts Gratin



From Belgium to Canada, this little veggie has come a long way to delight of young and old. Whether sweet or savoury, roasted or baked, we hope you’ll enjoy the way they taste.

But first, tell us how do you prefer them?

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *